Health Tips

Diabetics and fasting

The holy month of Ramadan has begun. Ramadan is the month of moderation. How diabetics can be completely healthy by fasting; Besides, there are expert suggestions on how to observe this holy month in a relaxed and austere manner.

According to a statistic, around 50 million diabetics around the world fast. Among those who fast without medical advice, they face several complications, especially low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), diabetic ketoacidosis, and dehydration.

Patients who control their diabetes through diet and exercise alone have a lower risk of fasting. Those taking medications such as metformin and glitazones are also at lower risk. However, those taking sulfonylureas and insulin are at higher risk. Diabetes is not a hindrance to fasting for those who can afford it. But advance preparation is required. It is necessary to prepare for fasting in consultation with the doctor.

Fasting is now easier and safer for diabetic patients. The month of Ramadan provides a great opportunity for diabetics to lead a disciplined life. Many people ask whether diabetic patients can fast or not. Abstaining from anything that harms health is forbidden in Islam. Therefore, if someone is afraid of losing his health despite observing all the hygiene rules for fasting, then it is not compatible for him to fast. In that case, there is a provision for fasting. Fasting blood tests, and even insulin injections if needed. We know from religious experts that there is no harm in fasting.

So diabetic-faster can keep fast by following these rules. Fasting is not recommended for those who have complications with diabetes. An experienced specialist doctor can be consulted to be sure.
Changes in lifestyle
During the month of Ramadan, our lifestyle changes quite a bit. At this time there is a big change in eating habits. During the month of Ramadan food is mainly taken twice. There are some people who develop the habit of consuming extra food during the month of Ramadan compared to other months. Some people consume less food. Both types of diet cause large variations in blood sugar. On the other hand, some shorten and change the time between activities during the month of Ramadan. Due to fasting, working time is slightly less. As a result, weight and sugar increase. Bad cholesterol in the blood also increases. It increases the risk of heart complications.

Health problems caused by fasting and their solutions
Low blood glucose levels (hypoglycemia)
Reason: Due to not eating for a long time, more attention should be paid to health at the end of the day. In addition, any other extra activity can lower the blood glucose level, such as heavy physical or physical exertion that lowers a large part of the blood glucose. Taking too much insulin or tablets can cause this condition. This can happen if the insulin and syringe are not the same sizes, if you eat less than the allotted meal or if you forget to eat.

What to do in case of hypoglycemia
If a fasting person develops these symptoms or if the blood sugar level falls below 60 mg (3·6 mmol), the fast should be broken and the next day should be followed by a Kaza fast. Hypoglycemia is a medical emergency. The patient should immediately drink four to six teaspoonfuls of glucose or sugar in a glass of water. If there is no glucose or sugar, any food should be given immediately. If the patient becomes unconscious, glucose should be injected without attempting to feed anything by mouth and should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible.

How to avoid hypoglycemia
Foods and medicines should be taken which will keep blood glucose levels at normal levels. Food and medicine should be coordinated. Hypoglycemia can be avoided if the following rules are followed.
Hard physical or manual work should be avoided. Because it drastically lowers blood glucose levels without any warning. Eating late iftar during fasting can also cause such a condition. Keep track of medication dosages, be it insulin or tablets. Similarly, the amount of food should be taken into account, especially sugars. Then this calculation should be reported to the doctor so that the effect of food on blood glucose is high and the effect of the medicine on blood glucose is low.

Increased glucose levels
Many complications arise when the glucose level increases in diabetes. Acetone can develop into a complex in a short period of time due to insulin deficiency. The main conditions that manifest in such cases are dizziness, loss of energy, sometimes shivering, vomiting, weakness, etc. Along with that, glucose activity becomes irregular. As a result, symptoms of excessive urination, thirst, and dehydration are seen.
These symptoms make it easy for the doctor to diagnose the condition. At this time, the blood pressure goes down, the skin is dry


What to do if the teeth grind

Teething is a common problem. Many people suffer from this problem.

— When tooth enamel is eroded
— When cavities or holes are formed in the teeth
— If the filling is old for many days
— When the root or base of the tooth is exposed due to gum decay
— If the tooth is injured.

What to do to stop tooth decay-
— Visit a dentist and treat according to the cause of the tingling

to accept
— Brush teeth properly twice a day
— Using a soft-bristled toothbrush
— Using fluoride-containing, de-sensitizing toothpaste
— Avoid taking soft drinks, alcohol, etc.

Many people don’t brush the part of the teeth that is tingled. But it can cause problems to escalate. Therefore, brushing your teeth regularly can save you from many dental problems.

Health Tips

Stay healthy at the start of winter

Runny nose, sneezing cough, slight fever, chills – very common but highly contagious diseases. At the beginning of winter, the prevalence of this disease increases as the temperature of the environment decreases.

How it happens: This disease is caused by different types of viruses. But in most cases, colds are caused by respiratory tract infection with rhinovirus. Other viruses include coronavirus, parainfluenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, etc.

Symptoms: The symptoms of this disease are mild in older children and adults. But in young children it can be obvious. Symptoms may include runny nose, sneezing, coughing, nasal congestion, body aches, slight fever, red eyes, loss of appetite, headache, etc. Symptoms appear within a few days after the virus enters the body. And usually, the disease gets better within a week. But complications arise in many cases. Lung infection in small children can cause bronchiolitis and pneumonia. May be inflammation of the middle ear. Adults can get sinusitis.

How it spreads: The virus can spread very quickly from an infected patient to a healthy person. When patients sneeze or blow their nose, the virus is spread into the air as tiny particles.

They can enter the body of healthy people through inhalation. And when the patient wipes his nose with his hand, covers his mouth with his hand or handkerchief, and sneezes and coughs, then the virus gets on the hand or handkerchief. The virus can survive on hands and handkerchiefs for several hours.

When a sick person touches or shakes hands with a healthy person with infected hands, the healthy person becomes infected. Even healthy people can be infected with the virus from handkerchiefs or similar objects. The disease spreads rapidly in densely populated areas. Students in school-college or other educational institutions are more affected. Children are usually infected from friends, fathers, mothers, and siblings. There are more than 100 different types of rhinovirus. Due to this, the body of a person infected with this virus does not develop complete immunity. A person can be affected several times in the same year.

Treatment: The disease usually gets better within a week. However, people with rhinovirus need to rest. Clean water should be enough to drink. Colds should be cleaned regularly and the nostrils should be kept open. Hot water vapor or normal saline, nasal drops help keep the nostrils open. Cigarette smoke or cooking smoke in the home is an added nuisance for cold patients. Smoking should be completely stopped. Antihistamines to reduce runny noses and paracetamol-like medicines for pain and fever can be taken on the doctor’s advice. Any complications including bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children must be referred to a doctor.

It can be easily prevented: washing hands frequently, not blowing the nose, covering the nose and mouth with a handkerchief or hands when sneezing and coughing, and not coming in contact with the infected person – these steps can prevent the disease to a large extent.